go to ACE Basin homepage Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of the ACE Basin

go to Turtlepage Order = Chelonia

Family = Emydidae (Box and Water Turtles)

Characteristics of Emydidae: This is the largest of all turtle families and most members of this family are freshwater or semiaquatic turtles, one species (Malaclemys) lives in brackish water, and most species in the genus Terrapene are terrestrial. The smallest species is the Spotted Turtle (Clemmys guttata) with 12cm and the largest one the Slider (Trachemys scripta) with over 60cm carapace length. In three genera the plastra are hinged.
There are 35 species in 10 genera in this family of which only two occur outside North America: Trachemys ranges to Central and South America as well as the West Indies, and Emys occurs in Europe, western Asia, and northwest Africa.

Literature: Feldman, C.R. and J.F. Parham. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of Emydine turtles: taxonomic revision and the evolution of shell kinesis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22(3):388-398.

Species in brown font were observed in the ACE Basin during a herpetofauna survey in 2002- species in red font are presumed to occur there based on their over

Common Names Scientific Names
Spotted Turtle ++ Clemmys guttata
Diamondback Terrapin Malaclemys terrapin
River Cooter Pseudemys concinna
Florida Cooter Pseudemys floridana
Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina
Yellowbelly Slider Trachemys scripta

++ = of concern in SC

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